Alderson Broaddus student aims to empower women through research

One Alderson Broaddus University junior satisfied her curiosity for research by interning through the WV-INBRE program, a federally funded opportunity available to students enrolled at WV-INBRE partner institutions interested in biomedical research with an emphasis on chronic diseases.

Emily Rainey, a dual biology and chemistry major from Beckley, West Virginia, executed her research at the Robert C. Byrd Health Sciences Center of West Virginia University. Her project was completed under the guidance of Stanley Hileman, professor of physiology and pharmacology.

“One of the biggest things I wanted going into this was to really see what it’s like to do research,” Rainey said. “I didn’t know if I wanted to eventually do an MD or an MDPHD program, so I wanted to see what it was like.”

Rainey’s project studied the communication between NKB neurons, which deal with reproduction and puberty, and POMC neurons, which regulate nutrition, in order to better understand the onset of puberty in women. Tissue was taken from the hypothalamus of ewes to determine whether NK3R, a receptor of NKB, existed within POMC neurons. They then examined how estrogen and age influenced NK3R expression within these neurons.

“Women, especially in developed countries, are experiencing puberty onset at much younger ages,” Rainey said. “That has a lot of negative effects, but if we can understand why that’s happening and what’s affecting it, we can start to counteract negative things that happen when puberty onset is altered.”

Some of the adverse outcomes related to early puberty onset include obesity, osteoporosis, and eating disorders. Working on this research held personal significance for Rainey, as one of her primary goals is to help empower young women. However, Rainey explains that early puberty does not affect everyone negatively. In the agricultural world, this can produce the opposite effect.

“The earlier you can get ewes, lamb, and cattle at the age of maturity, the greater their lifetime productivity,” Rainey said.

Rainey showcased her research findings at the 2018 WV-INBRE Summer Research Symposium and recently at the Undergraduate Research Day at the State Capitol. She hopes to pursue additional research in the future, and has been invited back to Hileman’s lab to work on similar projects.

“I honestly enjoyed every second of it,” Rainey said. “The first-hand experience with research was incredible, but it’s also just amazing to have your own research that no one has ever done before.”

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Photo Caption: Rainey studies the communication between NKB neurons, which deal with reproduction and puberty, and POMC neurons, which regulate nutrition, in order to better understand the onset of puberty in women.

AB Professor Publishes Article on Climate Change

Dr. Brandi Gaertner, assistant professor of environmental science at Alderson Broaddus University, has conducted research on the impact climate change has on evapotranspiration, leading to a published article in the Science of The Total Environment. The title of her article is “Climate, forest growing season, and evapotranspiration changes in the central Appalachian Mountains, U.S.A.” Gaertner has a longstanding history in researching the physical sciences.

The primary purpose of her study was to identify how climate change has impacted the length of the growing season, evapotranspiration, and surface flow of rivers which directly affects water resources in the central Appalachian region. This area is responsible for providing 30% of drinking water to downstream cities such as Washington D.C. Simply put, the higher the temperatures, the longer trees stay green, the more water trees use (evapotranspiration), and the less water available for rivers and drinking water.

Due to climate change, trees develop leaves earlier in the spring and stay green longer into the fall. The article finds that since 1982, the growing season has increased by an average of 22 days, which has led to a 0.5 mm increase in evapotranspiration. In turn, that makes less drinking water available for cities in the central Appalachian region.

Gaertner says that the next steps in her research would be to identify how different ecosystems in this specific region are affected by climate change, to understand what climatic variables drive evapotranspiration changes, and how it applies to ecosystem sensitivity and growing season length.

“Our preliminary data show that water vapor is important for evapotranspiration, which means that humid air leads to less evapotranspiration and likely less streamflow,” said Gaertner. “However, increased temperature combined with longer growing seasons can increase

evapotranspiration, and decrease streamflow.” Gaertner explained that this process is extremely complex and requires a detailed understanding of the process.

No stranger to studying the outdoors and the physical sciences, Gaertner completed her master’s research on the impact of fallen trees in streams on brook trout populations in northern Pennsylvania. Her interest in the physical sciences comes from her childhood spent outside with her brother and playing outdoor sports. “I love to do research that I can see in the real world, and that can possibly make a difference,” said Gaertner. “In fact, when I have completed personality tests, it identifies my personality as fitting well in ‘atmospheric sciences, hydrological, environmental science, and as a professor,’ so I guess I made the right decision!”

In the near future, Gaertner hopes to develop two new courses at AB: python coding in geographic information sciences (GIS) as well as watershed modeling in GIS. She plans to start a sustainability club with environmental science students with the intention of reversing the misconceptions behind climate change as well as teach students how to help stop climate change.

Dr. Gaertner, originally from York County, Pennsylvania, earned a bachelor’s degree in biology with a minor in chemistry at Indiana University of Pennsylvania. From there, she continued onto Clarion University of Pennsylvania to obtain a master’s degree in environmental biology. She also holds a doctorate in forestry and natural resource management from West Virginia University.

For more information about Gaertner’s research on climate change, contact her at gaertnerba@ab.edu or visit her website at https://brandigaertner.weebly.com.

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AB Announces Human Rights Activist Richard E. Lapchick as Commencement Speaker

Human rights activist, pioneer for racial equality, internationally recognized expert on sports and social issues, scholar and author Richard E. Lapchick will be the principal speaker at Alderson Broaddus University’s 148th Commencement on May 4, 2019.

“Richard Lapchick is often described as the ‘racial conscience of sport.’ I am delighted to have him on our campus to speak to our students, faculty, and AB family,” said Dr. Tim Barry, president of Alderson Broaddus University.

Lapchick has been actively involved in civil rights his whole life. His father, Joe Lapchick, was an iconic figure who broke the color barrier by signing Nathaniel “Sweetwater” Clifton—the first African American NBA player—to the New York Knicks. Lapchick saw his father become a change agent which significantly impacted him; he vowed never to let race get in the way of doing the right thing.

“Dr. Lapchick brings a rich and varied set of experiences to AB, and I believe his remarks will resonate well with our graduates,” said Barry. “He is one of the most widely admired and broadly influential people in education, business, and sports. Hosting him on our campus is a true honor.”

Lapchick was one of 200 guests personally invited by Nelson Mandela to his inauguration after Lapchick led the American sports boycott of South Africa from 1975 until the end of Apartheid. During this boycott, Lapchick was brutally assaulted in his office because of his civil rights efforts, but that did not deter him from continuing his mission to advance civil rights efforts by using sports as a bridge to achieve equality.

Lapchick’s commitment to equality and belief that sports can be an effective instrument of positive social change led him to launch the DeVos Sport Business Management program at the University of Central Florida. This program has been named one of the top five programs by the Wall Street Journal, the New York Times, and ESPN The Magazine. In 2009, it was named the #1 MBA program in the nation for volunteer service. In 2015, it was named the #2 program in the world by SportBusiness International.

Under Lapchick’s leadership, the DeVos Program launched The Institute for Diversity and Ethics in Sport (TIDES) which publishes the critically acclaimed Racial and Gender Report Card, an annual study of the racial and gender hiring practices of our country’s leading sports organizations as well as in collegiate athletics departments.

Lapchick also helped establish the Northeastern University’s Center for the Study of Sport in Society and the National Consortium for Academics and Sport (NCAS), later renamed to the Institute for Sport and Social Justice (ISSJ). It is a group of over 280 colleges and universities that created the first of its kind degree completion and community service programs. To date, over 31,000 athletes have returned to NCAS member schools; over 14,000 have graduated. Nationally, the NCAS athletes have worked with nearly 19.1 million students in the school outreach and community service program, which focuses on teaching youth how to improve race relations, develop conflict resolution skills, prevent gender violence, and avoid drug and alcohol abuse. They have collectively donated more than 20.8 million hours of service while member colleges have donated more than $300 million in tuition assistance. During this time, Lapchick also helped create National Student-Athlete Day in 1988, which has recognized more than 2.6 million high school students for being citizen-scholar-student-athletes.

In December of 2006, Lapchick, along with his family and a group of DeVos students, formed the Hope for Stanley Alliance which organizes groups of student-athletes and sport management students to work in the reconstruction efforts in the devastated Ninth Ward of New Orleans. As of the summer of 2018, Hope for Stanley members have spent 55 weeks working on rebuilding more than 140 homes. Hope for Stanley has also worked with the victims of Hurricane Sandy and Hurricane Harvey.

In recent years, Lapchick has turned his attention to the issues of human slavery and partnered with the U.S. Fund for UNICEF to bring the “Shut Out Trafficking” message to college campuses across the country. This program engages student-athletes, coaches, and athletic administrators to help inform their campuses about human trafficking issues.

Considered among the nation’s experts on sport and social issues, Lapchick has appeared numerous times on Good Morning America, Face The Nation, The Today Show, ABC World News, NBC Nightly News, the CBS Evening News, CNN, and ESPN as well as numerous other news broadcasts.

He has been the recipient of numerous humanitarian awards including the Lifetime Achievement Award for Work in Civil Rights from the Rev. Jesse Jackson and the Rainbow/Push Coalition in 2009. He was inducted into the Sports Hall of Fame of the Commonwealth Nations in the category of Humanitarian along with Arthur Ashe and Nelson Mandela. Lapchick has won the Arthur Ashe Voice of Conscience Award, the Women’s Sports Foundation Presidents Award, the Ralph Bunche International Peace Award, the Wendell Scott Pioneer Award in 2004 and the NASCAR Diversity Award in 2008 for leadership in advancing people of color in the motorsports industry.

Lapchick also received the Champions Award from the Alliance of Women’s Coaches, the only male to receive the award in 2012. The Black Coaches Association presented Lapchick with their Distinguished Service Award which was only the second time they presented this award in 28 years. Lapchick received the Mannie Jackson Human Spirit Award at the 2012 Basketball Hall of Fame enshrinement ceremonies.

In August of 2013, he received the Pioneer Award from the National Association of Black Journalists. In 2014, the National Basketball Retired Players Association gave Lapchick, Bill Russell, and Pat Summit their Life Achievement Award. Lapchick was inducted into the New York City Basketball Hall of Fame in 2015. He was named as one of Beyond Sports Inspirational 50 people (living and passed) who used sport to change the world along with Billie Jean King, Muhammad Ali, and Nelson Mandela.

In 2016, he was honored by the Harvard Medical School with the Harvard Impact Global Health Catalyst Distinguished Leader Award for his work in diversity and inclusion. In 2017, he was named as the NCAA’s Champion of Diversity.

He is listed in Who’s Who in America, Who’s Who in American Education, Who’s Who in Finance and Industry, and Who’s Who in American Business. Lapchick was named one of the 100 Most Powerful People in Sports for six years and one of the 20 Most Influential People in College Sport.

Lapchick is a board member of the Women’s Sports Foundation, Open Doors Foundation, Florida Abolitionist, and the onePULSE Foundation. He is on the advisory boards of ESPN-W, the Positive Coaching Alliance, Harbor House, Champion Women, the SEED Project, and the Giving Back Fund.

Lapchick is a prolific writer and is working on his 17th book. He is a regular columnist for ESPN.com and The Sports Business Journal. He has written more than 550 articles and has given more than 2,900 public speeches. Lapchick has spoken in the United States Congress, at the United Nations, in the European Parliament, and at the Vatican.

During Alderson Broaddus University’s commencement ceremonies, Lapchick will receive the University’s highest award, an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree. AB awards honorary degrees to recognize those who have made profound and enduring contributions to scholarship, culture, and improved quality of life in society at large.

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Video provided by: UCF College of Business